NAME: Adolf Anderssen
BIRTHDATE: July 6, 1818
BIRTHPLACE: Breslau, Germany (now Wroclaw, Poland)
CREDENTIALS: Considered one of the greatest chess (and checkers) players of the 19th century. He lived before the time when world chess championship matches were held. He lost a match to Paul Morphy in 1858; later won the strongest tournament ever held up to its time in 1870.
Known to be a gentleman and fine sportsman willing to make daring sacrifices of material to gain the initiative.
Taught the game of chess at age nine by his father. Did not become an outstanding chess player until he was an adult. Worked as a professor of mathematics. Never married, he lived with and supported his widowed mother and a sister. When he died in 1879, his obituary was reportedly 19 pages long!